Shri Jwalamukhi


It is a place of 'DHUMRA DEVI'. It is recognized as the highest seat of power amongst 51 "SHAKTI- PITHS'. It is said that the tongue of Maha Sati god- dess fell here. Also god SHIVA is present in the form of exquisite "Bhairva". In this abode of God, Devi is seen in the form of a bright flame (Jyoti). The bright flames come out of rock creeks at 9 dif- ferent places without any fuel or ignition. Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru asked the Indian Geological scientists to try and find oil/gas in the area, owing the origin of flame to some unknown gas link. Last 'forty years have been wasted in the pursuit and the operation abandoned. Due to the existence of holy goddess in the form of bright flame, she is known as 'Jwalaji' and the place is popularly known as 'Jwala-Mukhi'.

'Way to Holy Jwala'—This place is situated in the district 'Kangra' of Himachal Pradesh. Buses are available easily from district 'Hoshiarpur' Pun- jab. The buses enroute to Jwalaji, touch 'Gopipura Dera'. Jwalaji is about 20 kms from 'Dera'. Another route, by bus, is from Pathankot to Jwalaji via Kangra. Kangra to Jwalamukhi is about 2 hours bus journey. Buses are available half hourly.

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The History of Jwala-Mukhi Temple:

There is a very popular myth behind the construction of the Jwalaji temple. According to this the arrows of God Vishnu cut the tongue of goddess Sati and it fell on 'Dholi-Dhar' mountains of Himalayas. The place could not be located inspite of great efforts. Having failed, a small temple was raised at Nagar-Kot Kangra' in the memory of goddess Sati. After many years emperor 'Bhumi Chandra' was told by a cowherd that he sighted a bright flame near a mountain. The flame was burning continuously. The emperor visited the place and constructed a temple in the midst of forests. He brought two holy Brahmans of 'Bhojak' caste for daily worship in the temple. The names of the two Brahmins were Pt. Shri Dhar and Pt. Kamla-Pati. The progeny of the Bhojak brahmins are still commanding the rights of worship in holy Jwala Devi temple. As per Maha-Bharat the five Pandava brothers (Yudhishtir, Bhim, Arjun, Nakul, Sahdev) visited the holy temple and reconstructed the old and dilapidated temple. The below given devotional song is related to this incident.

"Panja Pandava Teza Bhavan Banaya, Arjun Ne Chanvar Dulaya".

Shri Jawala Mukhi and Flaming-Splendour:

The goddess in Jawala Mukhi temple appears in the form of 'Jyotis' i.e. flames. These flames are usually nine in number but their number may be more or less. sometimes. It is believed that "Nav- Durga' is creator of fourteen 'Bhavans'. The three virtues (namely'Rajo-gun', 'Sato-gun, and 'Tamo- gun') are sub-servient to them. The main flame (Jyoti) is housed in a frame of silver in front of the temple entrance. It is believed to be the 'Mahakali' goddess. It is a celestial 'Jyoti' and fulfils desires of devotees and even liberates true devotees from illusion.

Detail of the nine 'Jyotis' is given as follows :

Holy Jyoti with Sacrificial- Enclosure (Havan Kund)

  1. Jyoti decorated in a silver enclosure symbolising Mahakali.
  2. Just by the side of first Jyoti is Mahamaya 'Ann-Purna Jyoti'. This is goddess of food and related material.
  3. On the other side is Jyoti of 'Chandi-Mata' who is destroyer of evil and evil doers.
  4. Destroyer of all diseases is the fourth Jyoti called 'Hing Laj Bhavani'.
  5. The fifth jyoti is a 'Vindhyavasini' who relieves of all sorrows.
  6. The sixth Jyoti is of goddess of material happiness and abundance 'Maha-Luxmi'.
  7. This Jyoti manifests itself in sacrificial enclosure.
  8. The goddess of'knowledge and enlightment 'Saraswati' is also placed in sacrificial enclosure alongwith goddess of procreation 'Ambika'.
  9. Another goddess present in this enclosure is holy 'Anjana' who blesses with bounty of happiness and longevity.



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